EXTREMITY AMPUTATION (LIMB) IN CAT DOGS
The purpose of the operation
Limb amputations are performed when the front or hind legs are damaged for various reasons and treatment is not possible.
The amputation of limbs that lose their function due to serious injury or tissue necrosis due to leg injury due to common causes in dogs and cats such as traffic accidents, stuck in the door, bruising, etc. is the only way to do this to be applied so that the patient regains his health.
In addition, in patients with pressure sores and pressure necrosis due to continuous rubbing due to the loss of function in the legs, amputation of the limbs is mandatory in paralyzed patients with an injured spine.
Points to consider before the operation
The surgery should be done urgently if injuries or burns to the legs occur due to injuries.
If there is no urgency for the operation; General patient health examinations should be performed prior to surgery. This is important in order not to endanger the life of the anesthetized patient.
If the patient has a drug allergy, this should be reported to the veterinarian.
Food should not be given to the patient within 12 to 24 hours before surgery. This approach enables the anesthetized patient to undergo more convenient surgery.
Technique of the operation
Sterilization processes are carried out in the preparation room for the patient who is given a sedative for the operation. For this purpose, the hair in the operating area is first shaved. The area is then disinfected locally with an antiseptic solution. After these procedures, the anesthesia preferred by the veterinarian is applied to the patient in the operating room. The area is delimited with a sterile cover and prepared for surgery.
The area to be selected for the operation should be the joint that is connected to the body with the leg. In other words, the shoulder joint in the front leg and the hip joint or knee joint in the rear leg should be selected as the operating area for the amputation. After taking the necessary precautions to prevent bleeding and performing the ligation, the joint is cut with all layers and the necrosis part of the limb is removed from the body. Then a skin suture is made and the injured area is closed and the operation is completed.
Points to consider after the operation
Administration of antibiotics after surgery should be of the duration and dose recommended by the veterinarian.
It should be noted that the patient can damage the operating area by licking and biting. The WinPet wound protection corset should be used without fail.
It is important to shape WinPet according to the patient. For patients using WinPet, the part that corresponds to the amputated leg cavity should be closed by suturing. In this case, the operating area does not have to be connected separately.
If WinPet is not used for the patient, the area should be protected with a bandage after the operation. Otherwise, rubbing while sitting can cause irritation or edema, and complications such as opening the sutures can also occur.
If necessary, analgesics can be administered to the patient.
The full recovery is complete within 10-12 days, and then the sutures can be removed.
During this period, the veterinarian should be consulted immediately if a condition such as swelling, redness or inflammation develops in the area caused by edema.
Possible complications after surgery
Complications are rare, provided sterilization is adjusted and appropriate materials are used during surgery, and regular antibiotic administration is considered after surgery.
However, sutures should be protected after surgery. The WinPet wound protection corset should not be removed from the patient during the entire recovery phase. Otherwise, it should be noted that there is a risk that the sutures in the surgical area may open due to biting or rubbing on the surface.